Davidson – Theology of Old Testament

THE THEOLOGY OF OLD TESTAMENT

Theology of Old Testament
by Andrew Bruce Davidson D.D., LL.D., LiTT.D.
Professor of Hebrew and Old Testament Exegesis New College, Edinburgh
New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons (1904)
Published May, 1904

In this large work (76 chapters), Davidson (a Hebrew Professor) divides the theology of the OT into 11 divisions: The Science of Old Testament Theology; The Doctrine of God the Divine Nature; The Doctrine of God the Spirit; The Doctrine of God the Divine Attributes; The Doctrine of Man; The Doctrine of Man Sin; The Doctrine of Redemption; Doctrine of Redemption Suprahuman Good and Evil; Doctrine of Redemption-Priesthood and Atonement; The Doctrine of the Last Things the Messianic Idea; Doctrine of the Last Things Immortality. 

Contents Theology of Old Testament

PREFACE. 3

I. THE SCIENCE OF OLD TESTAMENT THEOLOGY 9
1. The Idea of Old Testament Theology. 9
2. Studies preliminary to Old Testament Theology. 11
3. Definitions and Characteristics of Old Testament Theology. 12
4. The Relation of Old Testament Ideas to the Old Testament History. 16
5. Divisions of the Subject. 17
6. The great Historical Periods. 19
7. General Course and Drift of the History. 24
8. Literary and Historical Criticism in relation to Old Testament Theoloyy. 28

II. THE DOCTRINE OF GOD THE DIVINE NATURE. 30
1. The Knowledge of God. 31
2. The Essence and the Attributes of God. 37
3. The Unity of God. 47
4. The Doctrine of the sole Godhead of Jehovah in later Prophecy. 50
5. The Personality and Spirituality of God. 55

III. THE DOCTRINE OF GOD THE SPIRIT. 61
1. The Spirit of God. 62
2. The Spirit of God within God Himself. 63
3. The Activities of the Spirit. 65
4. What the Spirit is. 70

IV. THE DOCTRINE OF GOD THE DIVINE ATTRIBUTES. 72
1. The Righteousness of God. 73
2. The Holiness of God. 83
3. The Natural Attributes. 95
4. The Eedemptive Attributes. 102
5. God’s Relations to Nature and to Men. 106

V. THE DOCTRINE OF MAN. 111
1. Human Nature and its Constitution. 112
3. The term ‘Spirit? 119
4. The term ‘ Soul! 124

VI. THE DOCTRINE OF MAN SIN. 127
1. Sin its Nature and Extent. 127
2. The Consciousness of Sin. 145

VII. THE DOCTRINE OF REDEMPTION. 151
1. The Covenant. 151
2. Why the Covenant with Israel and not another? 161
3. The Terms descriptive of the Covenant Relation. 164
4. The Second Side of the Covenant the People a righteous People. 169
5. Righteousness in the People. 178
6. Righteousness, Grace, and Faith. 182
7. Suffering and Imputation. 185

VIII. DOCTRINE OF REDEMPTION SUPRAHUMAN GOOD AND EVIL. 190
I. Angels. 191
2. The Angel of the Lord. 196
3. Satan. 199

IX. DOCTRINE OF REDEMPTION-PRIESTHOOD AND ATONEMENT. 203
1. The Priest. 204
2. Sacrifice. 207
3. Atonement and forgiveness 210
4. Atonement ly Priest and High Priest. 217
5. The term ‘Atone! 219
6. Ritual use of the Term. 227
7. The Principle of Atonement. 237

X. THE DOCTRINE OF THE LAST THINGSTHE MESSIANIC IDEA. 241
1. Distinctive Contributions to the Doctrine. 241
2. The Consummation of the Kingdom. 247
3. The Day of the Lord. 254
4. The Day of the Lord in Deutero- Isaiah. 261
5. Redemptive Righteousness in Deutero-Isaiah. 269
6. General Considerations on the Eschatalogy of the Old Testament. 272

XI. DOCTRINE OF THE LAST THINGS IMMORTALITY. 274
1. Differences in Modes of Thought. 275
2. Fellowship with God the Fundamental Idea. 284
3. Preliminary Questions as to Man’s Nature. 286
4. Conception of Sheol. 291
5. Conception of Death. 296
6. Life and its Issues. 300
7. Problems of Righteousness and their Solution. 312
9. The Idea of an After-Life in Job. 321
10. The Hope of an After-Life in relation to the ideas of Life and Death. 343
11. The Moral Meaning of Death. 354
12. Further on the Reconciliation between the Idea of Death and the Idea of Life. 362

NOTES OF LITERATURE. 370

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