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Betts, G.H. – How to Teach Religion

betts-how-to-teach-religion

HOW TO TEACH RELIGION
Principles and Methods
by GEORGE HERBERT BETTS
Sunday School Lesson, Sunday School Lesson for kids

How to Teach Religion is a book on how to teach religion for Christian educations (Sunday School Lesson, Sunday School Lesson for kids).

THE ABINGDON PRESS
NEW YORK CINCINNATI
1926


Torrey How to Bring Men to Christ
is a manual for witnessing to the unsaved to lead them to Christ. It has hints, tips, and suggestions. 13 Chapters.
Downloads:
PDF: Torrey How to bring men to Christ
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In this work, educator Betts (Methodist Episcopal) explains how a person teaches religion. He begins with the person of the teacher, then the great objective, a fourfold foundation (right aims, material, organization, and presentation), religious knowledge, religious attitude, connecting instruction with life and conduct, the subject matter of religious education, organization of the material, the technique, making truth vivid, types of teaching, and methods, etc. His work is directed at helping the teacher to be a better teacher for the glory of God.

CONTENTS

I. THE TEACHER HIMSELF 13

Importance of the teacher–Three types of teachers–The personal factor in teaching religion–Developing the power of personality–The cultivatable factors in personality–A scale for determining personality–The teacher’s mastery of subject-matter–Methods of growth–Fields of mastery demanded–Service and rewards–Problems and questions.

II. THE GREAT OBJECTIVE 30

Two great objectives in teaching–Making sure of the greater objective–Teaching children _versus_ teaching subject-matter–Subject-matter as a means instead of an end–Success in instruction to be measured in terms of modified life, not of material covered–The goal of a constantly developing Christian character and experience–Problems for discussion.

III. THE FOURFOLD FOUNDATION 42

What the fourfold foundation consists of: (1) right aims, (2) right materials to reach these aims, (3) right organization of this material for instruction, (4) right presentation in instruction–The aim of teaching religion is (1) fruitful knowledge, (2) right religious attitudes and growing consciousness of God, (3) power and will to live righteously–Selecting subject-matter to meet these ends–Principles of organization of material–The problem of effective presentation–Questions for discussion.

IV. RELIGIOUS KNOWLEDGE OF MOST WORTH 58

Not all religious knowledge of equal value–What determines value of knowledge–Kind of knowledge needed by child–Developing the child’s idea of God–Harm from wrong concepts of God–Giving the child the right concept of religion–The qualities by which religion should be defined to the child–The child’s knowledge of the Bible; of the church; of religious forms of expression–Problems and questions.

V. RELIGIOUS ATTITUDES TO BE CULTIVATED 76

The meaning of religious attitudes–These attitudes lie at the basis of both motives and character–Importance of the pupil’s attitudes toward the church school and class–Enjoyment of the lesson hour and the growth of loyalty–The sense of mastery necessary to mental and spiritual growth–The grounding of a continuous interest in the Bible and religion–Growth in spiritual warmth and responsiveness–The cultivation of ideals–The training of fine appreciations–Worthy loyalties and devotions–Clearness of God-consciousness–Questions and problems.

VI. CONNECTING RELIGIOUS INSTRUCTION WITH LIFE AND CONDUCT 91

Religious instruction must carry across to life and conduct–Hence necessity of finding practical outlet in expression for feelings, ideals, emotions and attitudes resulting from instruction–The setting up of certain religious habits–Expression in connection with the life of the church–Expression in the home life–Expression in the community and public school life–Expression in worship and the devotional life–Problems for discussion.

VII. THE SUBJECT MATTER OF RELIGIOUS EDUCATION 109

The Bible the great source-book of religious material–Yet much material other than biblical required–Principles for the selection of material from the Bible–Biblical material for early childhood; for later childhood; for adolescence–Story material and its sources–Materials from nature–Materials from history and biography–Picture material for religious teaching–Religious music for children–Questions and problems.

VIII. THE ORGANIZATION OF MATERIAL 129

Four different types of organization–Organization applied (1) to the curriculum as a whole, (2) to individual lessons–Haphazard organization–Logical organization–Chronological organization–Psychological organization–Three types of curriculum organization: (1) Uniform lessons, (2) Graded lessons, (3) text books of religion–Organizing daily lesson material–Typical lesson plans–Problems for discussion.

IX. THE TECHNIQUE OF TEACHING 148

Teaching that sticks–Attention the key–Types of appeal to attention–The control of interest–Interest and action–Variety and change as related to interest–Social contagion of interest–The prevention of distractions–The control of conduct–Danger points in instruction–Establishing and maintaining standards–Questions and problems.

X. MAKING TRUTH VIVID 165

Vividness of impression necessary to lasting value–The _whole_ mind involved in religion–Learning to think in religion–Protecting children against intellectual difficulties–The appeal of religion to the imagination–Guiding principles for the religious imagination–The use of the memory in religion–Laws of memory–How to memorize–Problems for discussion.

XI. TYPES OF TEACHING 183

The several types of lessons for religious instruction–The informational lesson–The use of the inductive lesson–The deductive lesson in religion–The application of drill to religious teaching–The lesson in appreciation–Conducting the review lesson–How to make the lesson assignment–Questions and problems.

XII. METHODS USED IN THE RECITATION 201

Methods of procedure for the lesson hour–The use of the topical method–Place and dangers of the lecture method–Securing participation from the class–The question method–Principles of good questioning–The treatment of answers–The story method–Guiding principles in story teaching–The teaching method of Jesus–Jesus the embodiment of all scientific pedagogy–Questions and problems.

AUTHOR’S PREFACE

Children can be brought to a religious character and experience through right nurture and training in religion. This is the fundamental assumption on which the present volume rests, and it makes the religious education of children the most strategic opportunity and greatest responsibility of the church, standing out above all other obligations whatever.

Further, the successful teaching of religion is based on the same laws that apply to other forms of teaching; hence teachers in church schools need and have a right to all the help that a scientific pedagogy permeated by an evangelistic spirit can give them. They also have the obligation to avail themselves of this help for the meeting of their great task.

This book undertakes to deal in a concrete and practical way with the underlying principles of religious instruction. The plan of the text is simple. First comes the part _the teacher_ must play in training the child in religion. Then the spiritual changes and growth to be effected in _the child_ are set forth as the chief objective of instruction. Next is a statement of the _great aims,_ or goals, to be striven for in the child’s expanding religious experience. These goals are: (1) fruitful _religious knowledge_; (2) right _religious attitudes–interests, ideals, feelings, loyalties_; (3) the _application of this knowledge and these attitudes to daily life and conduct_.

Following the discussion of aims is the question of just _what subject matter_ to choose in order to accomplish these ends, and _how best to organize_ the chosen material for instruction. And finally, _how most effectively to present_ the subject matter selected to make it serve its purpose in stimulating and guiding the spiritual growth and development of children.

The volume is intended as a textbook for teacher-training classes, students of religious education, and for private study by church-school teachers. It is also hoped that ministers may find some help in its pages toward meeting their educational problems.

Northwestern University,
Evanston, Illinois.

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pc10 Sexual Purity
is an exhortation to purity in sexual matters for the Christian. We look at various aspects of the issue.
Topics: It is not an impossible fight! | The Biblical Model | Homosexuality and Prostitution | Nudity and the Mind | Self-Stimulation | Resisting the Temptation.
Excerpts: Job 31:1 I made a covenant with mine eyes; why then should I think upon a maid? Job understood that sexual sin begins with the sight, and the seeing before desiring. Job made a covenant with himself, a commitment that he would not look on young women to desire them or to let his imagination run wild with them even their image or in his thoughts. Equally, Jesus taught us in Mat. 5:28 that even thinking sinful thoughts without doing them is as sinful as actually doing them. This is an amplification of Exo 20:17 “Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s wife”. David saw before taking (2Sam 11:2).
Fasting is to teach us that the body does not control over us, and this is exactly what is necessary for people with this problem. This sin is pinned to the thoughts, “for as he thinketh in his heart, so is he” Pro 23:7. “I can do all things through Christ which strengtheneth me” Phil 4:13.

Read the Tract: pc10 Sexual Purity.

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salv76 suffering should seek his Savior
- explains how we should react to problems and sufferings, we should seek the Savior.
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ch15 Congregating because we Love - a tract about why we attend church. Our relationship with our brethren in Christ is highly integrated with our salvation and our sanctification.
SSTeen1-01 Existence of God - Does God really exist? This is not a tract but a teen Sunday School Class that I wrote answering this important question.
fam48 Men are God's Agents - Men are God’s Agents to accomplish His Will, looks at man as God wants him to be. Manhood and the husband-wife relationship.
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