Bouwman Spiritual Order For the Church

Spiritual Order For the Church

by Clarence Bouwman


This is a quite extensive work on church polity from a Reformed perspective (which I would assume they have a tendency towards Presbyterian polity).

Old Carpenter Tools of his Trade
is an explanation of why I, Pastor-Missionary David Cox, write my own materials like tracts, books, sermons, Sunday School material, etc. We produce the material that we use in our ministry and also for evangelism.
Read the short article: Old Carpenter Tools of his Trade.

  • Key to the Church Order of the Free Reformed Churches of Australia
  • Key to the Church Order of the Canadian Reformed Churches

Evaluation by David Cox

This is another important document in the Dutch Reformed Church, and this document would hold importance for Reformed and Calvinist students in general. The document is arranged in 81 articles and 3 appendices. It would define the break between the Catholic Church and the Dutch Reformed, looking at arguments against Papal authority. This would make the work good for people seeking information on Catholicism or the Reformation. There are parts on Lutheran Church Government, as well as general definitions of elders, ministers, deacons, offices, etc. within church government in general. So students of church polity might be interested in this work as well.

Chapter Content


Part I: From the Bible to the Church Order

Chapter 1 Scripture Principles Forming Reformed Church Polity

1. Understanding the Concept
1.1 Christ is Master in Church
1.2 How Does Christ Rule His Church?
1.3 Church Polity Defined
2. Christ’s Authority is Entrusted to the Local Church
2.1 The Authority of the Apostles
2.2 The Authority of their Replacements
2.3 The Principle of Local Authority
3. Towards a Bond of Churches
3.1 From One Church to Many Churches
3.2 Churches are Autonomous but Not Independent
3.3 Churches Need to Federate Together
3.4 To Join a Bond of Churches is Voluntary

Chapter 2
Historical Overview of Church Government
1. Papal Church Government

1.1 Pressures on the Eldership in the Early Churches
1.2 Developments in the Eldership
1.3 Characteristics of Papal Church Government
2. Lutheran Church Government
2.1 Rejection of Papal Authority
2.2 Replacement by a New Authority Structure
2.3 Characteristics of Lutheran Church Government
3. Reformed / Presbyterial Church Government
3.1 Martin Bucer
3.2 John Calvin
3.3 Elder Centred
3.4 Characteristics of Reformed Church Government
4. Congregationalism / Independentism
4.1 Development
4.2 Characteristics of Congregational Church Government
5. Collegialism
5.1 Development
5.2 Characteristic of Collegial Church Government

Chapter 3
Development of Church Polity in the Netherlands

1. Background History
2. The Convent of Wezel, 1568
2.1 Principle 1: No Lording over Others
2.2 Principle 2: The Need for Ecclesiastical Assemblies
3. From Wezel to Emden
4. The Synod of Emden, 1571
5. The Synod of Dort, 1618-1619
Part II: The Roots of the Church Order in the Bible
The Church Order

Chapter 4
Offices and Supervision of Doctrine Articles 2-27

1. The Offices
1.1 Elders
1.2 Ministers
1.3 Deacons
2. The Calling to Office
2.1 Who calls to office?
2.2 How is a person called to office?
2.3 Who is eligible to be called to office?
2.4 Preparation for Ordination
2.5 The Place the Call is Exercised
2.6 Equality of the Called
2.7 Duration of the Call
2.8 Material Support for the Office-bearer
3. The Work of the Office-bearers
3.1 Elders – Ruling and Teaching
3.2 Deacons
3.3 Office-Bearers and the Government

Chapter 5
Articles 28-50

1. Development of Assemblies
2. Legitimacy of the Assemblies
3. Nature of the Assemblies
3.1 Consistory
3.2 Classis
3.3 Synod
3.4 Regional Synod
4. Relationship Between the Assemblies
5. Delegation to Major Assemblies
6. Frequency of Assemblies
6.1 Consistory
6.2 Classis
6.3 Synod
6.4 Regional Synod
7. Tasks of the Assemblies
7.1 Consistory
7.2 Classis
7.3 Regional Synod
7.4 General Synod
8. Other Matters Pertaining to Assemblies
8.1 Prayer and Censure
8.2 Tasks of the chairman and clerk I Record Keeping
8.3 Constitution of a Consistory /Places without a Consistory
8.4 Mission Work
9. Assemblies in the FRCA without Formal Classes

Chapter 6
Worship, Sacraments and Ceremonies

Articles 51-68
1. Worship
1.1 Church Services on the Lord’s Day
1.2 Two Church Services Per Sunday
1.3 Singing in the Worship Services
2. Sacraments
2.1 Baptism
2.2 The Lord’s Supper
3. Records and Attestations
3.1 Church Records
3.2 Attestations
4. Other Items
4.1 Ecclesiastical Feast Days
4.2 Days of Prayer
4.3 Marriage
4.4 Funerals

Chapter 7
Church Discipline

Articles 69-79

1. The Need for Church Discipline
1.1 The Church is Holy
1.2 Sin May Have No Place in the Church
1.3 The Wages of Sin is Death
2. The Purpose of Church Discipline
3. Who Must Exercise Church Discipline?
4. Against Whom must Church Discipline be Administered?
5. What Sins are Worthy of Church Discipline?
6. The ‘How’ of Church Discipline
6.1 Determination of Repentance
6.2 Discipline of Communicant Members
6.3 Congregational Involvement
6.4 Purpose Achieved
6.5 Discipline of Non-communicant Members
7. Sin Amongst Office-Bearers
7.1 Manner of Discipline
7.2 Which Sins require Suspension?
7.3 Mutual Discipline

Chapter 8
Concluding Articles

Articles 80, 81

1. Principle 1: No Lording over Others
2. Principle 2: Observance and Revision of the Church Order
2.1 Observance of the Church Order
2.2 Revision of the Church Order


Appendix 1 Church Order of Dort (as adopted in 1618-1619)
Appendix 2 Church Order of the Free Reformed Churches of Australia
Appendix 3 Church Order of the Canadian Reformed Churches


Bouwman-church-order Bok
1.4 MB
Date:February 4, 2015

pc85 Carl Jung and Psychology
explains the origin of Psychology with spiritist Jung, which had contact with a spiritual guide. Psychology is from a spiritist, who got the "science" of psychology (which is in no way a science or scientific) from a spirit, Philemon. (This is a demon speaking to a human, which is a medium, and prohibited in the Old Testament.) I analyze what Jung says with Scripture.
Topics: The Foundation of Psychology | Psychology is not a True Science | Psychology versus Psychoanalysis | The True Origin of Psychology: Philemon | Darkness versus Light | Ying and Yang | What Fellowship does Light have with Darkness? | Spiritism is Prohibited | Conclusion
pc85 Carl Jung and Psychology.

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